Full Length Research Paper

Skills needed by farmers on the use of cow dung and urine for aphids control in spinach production in Taraba State, Nigeria

Wombo, A. B. 1 and Azuaga, C. I. Jnr2

Abstract

Aphids has been a challenge in spinach production especially spinach. The need for farmers to acquire skills in managing this menace cannot be overemphasized, hence this study on skills needed by farmers on the use of cow dung and urine for aphids control in spinach production in Taraba state, Nigeria was carried out in 2015 cropping season. Survey research design was used for the study as a set of questionnaire was used for data collection of a sample of spinach farmers. The population for the study was all the spinach farmers on River Nukkai Flood Plains. A purposive sampling technique was used to select 50 spinach farmers made up of 25 organic farmers and 25 inorganic farmers. A 14-item questionnaire on skills need in noticing signs and symptoms of aphids, formulating cow dung and urine, application of cow dung and urine formulations on spinach for aphids control was the instrument used for data collection. Fifty copies of the questionnaire were administered to the respondents and all were retrieved and analyzed using mean, standard deviation and rank order to answer the research questions and t-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings from the study indicated that aphid infestation is obvious in the study area. It was recommended that vegetable farmers should embark on the use of animal waste based formulations like cow dung and urine as an alternative to synthetic pesticides.

Key words: Vegetable production , Spinach, skills, Farmer, cow dung, aphid control.

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