Review

Climate change impact on female gender in Nigeria

Adejumobi Caleb Adeniyi*, Ojebiyi Olanike Grace, Adesina–Adebayo Fatima Opeyemi

Abstract

Climate change is the changes in the climate over time which includes regional or global temperature changes and the increased prevalence of extreme weather conditions. Climate change is one of the most critical challenges ever to face humanity. Climate change has been the monster tormenting the globe for over a decade now and has also become one of the most challenging issues in the developing country like Nigeria. Human activity is the main cause of the changes seen in climate and this is done through man’s activities that cause emissions of greenhouse gases. The impact of climate change differs by region, age, social group, and sex. Disparities in the effect of climate change on women and men exist because of the social position of women in the family and the community and because climate change affects the factors most essential to women’s means of subsistence (food, water and energy supply). This study is a descriptive research based on literature review and critical analysis of authors perspectives which describe the impact of climate change on one of the most vulnerable group (women). It analyses both their contributions to the climate change, vulnerability, their roles on adaptation, their contribution to risk reduction (mitigation) and the way forward.

Key words: Adaptation, climate change, mitigation, variability, vulnerability.

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