Full Length Research Paper

Economic analysis of quails bird (Cortunix cortunix) production in Bauchi local government area, Bauchi state, Nigeria

Bakoji, I.1, Aliyu, M.K.2, Haruna, U.3, Jibril, S.A.3, Sani, R.M.3 and Danwanka, H.3

Abstract

The study was conducted in Bauchi Local Government Area, Bauchi state, Nigeria to analyze the economics of quail birds in the study area. A random sampling technique was used in selecting 45 respondents used for the study. The data obtained was analyzed using descriptive statistics gross margin. The result indicated that majority of the respondents (48.89%) fall within the age group of 31-40, 64.44% were male. Considerable number of the quails farmer had obtained tertiary education (73.33%). The result further revealed that (66.67%) had <5 years of rearing experience this signify that quail farming is entirely a new business in the area. However, majority of the respondents (66.67%) regarded quails farming as a part time job. On average quail farmer invest N371,792 in the businesses with total revenue of N602,056.80. The result further stated that quails business was found to be profitable with gross ratio. Operation ratio, and return per naira invested to be 0.61, 0.60 and 1.61 respectively. Constraints to quails farming includes: stock procurement, high cost of feeds, high mortality rate, pests and disease, insufficient vetenary officers among others. The study recommended that any measures geared toward reducing the cost of feeds will increase their profit margin. Government on her part are advise to assist research institutes to come out with breed of quail that are prolific and disease resistant. There is also need for enlightment to the general public about the nutritional and medicinal benefit of quail’s birds.

Key words: Quail, gross margin, Bauchi, return per naira invested.

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